Operated by the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), OSHA state-plan states and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), VPP is designed to promote excellence in safety and health by recognizing facilities with outstanding occupational safety and health management systems. As of Dec. 2013, 2,334 sites are covered by OSHA & state-plan VPP across the U.S..
See below for more information on OSHA, state-plan and DOE-VPP:
Adopted on July 2, 1982, OSHA's VPP recognizes worksites that have achieved and are maintaining excellence in worker safety and health protection through cooperation among government, industry and labor. VPP is composed of three different programs:
A site that applies for participation in VPP must submit a written application that addresses the major elements of the program: management leadership and employee involvement; worksite analysis; hazard prevention and control; and safety and health training. An onsite review by OSHA officials to evaluate the workplace safety and health program and to interview employees at the facility is the final stage of the application process.
Further information regarding OSHA's VPP can be found on the Agency's website.
In 1994, DOE developed and implemented DOE-VPP, which is closely modeled on the OSHA program. DOE-VPP is identical to OSHA VPP except that participation is open to contractors employed at DOE-owned facilities.
DOE officials regularly attend and participate in VPPPA conferences, workshops and meetings.
Section 18 of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 encourages states to develop and operate their own job safety and health programs. Currently, 22 states and jurisdictions operate complete state-plans (covering private sector and state and local government employees) and five (CT, IL, NJ, NY and VI) which cover public employees only.
VPP offered by state-plan states must be at least as effective as federal VPP programs.