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Improving Occupational Safety Efforts in the U.S. Air Force and Other Organizations

Contributor: Sentinel

Safety leaders hope to never receive the news that co-workers are injured but, unfortunately, it happens. Workplace deaths may result from sudden accidents or long-term complications.

That’s why more organizations are turning to technology. Organizations and workers benefit from having data insights to prevent injuries and predict workers’ future health risks.

Take for example the confined space operations of the US Air Force Air Logistics Complexes.

buy Seroquel online us pharmacy Air Force Air Logistics Complexes (ALCs)

Maintaining a fleet of aircraft is a resource-intensive process. Every day, aircraft maintenance personnel monitor confined spaces. The confined space is tested for toxic conditions before a maintenance worker may enter to do repairs. During this time, each worker within a confined space is observed by a safety attendant as dictated by Air Force safety policies along with broader Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulations.

Multiple people and high labor costs are needed to complete this process. While it effectively prevents incidents, there’s also natural human limitations. For example, safety attendants often cannot view the entire confined space or hear cues due to high noise levels and ear protection.

That’s why the Air Force Research Laboratory funded contracts to create an advanced “confined spaces monitoring system.”

After much effort in research and development, Sentinel was formed to commercialize a sensors-based, remote monitoring and alerting platform. Workers can now wear a sensor suite that provides data for continuous monitoring of each person’s physiological status and exposure to atmospheric conditions, among other health and safety data. This also allows a remotely stationed safety attendant to monitor all of the aircraft maintenance personnel through a single dashboard versus needing a one-to-one safety attendant for maintenance personnel supervision.

But the Air Force isn’t the only organization using a combination of technologies to more effectively prevent risk and injury. You can read more stories here. What is the combination of technologies that make up this sensors-based, remote monitoring and alerting platform? It can be narrowed down to three main components.

Fengxiang The Technologies Improving Occupational Safety Efforts

Flexible Wearables and IoT (Internet of Things)

Wearables and IoT offer data on users’ habits and health, but teams and organizations have struggled to make the best use of the information. One reason is that workers also need smaller, flexible wearables that fit their active, and often strenuous activities.

The other reason is that different devices and brands often don’t integrate to provide contextual insights. No one has time to toggle between multiple product dashboards (i.e., smartwatches and other sensors) and piece together the data for every team member. For example, someone’s Apple watch may show that their heart rate spiked at 3 pm, but with no other context, while data from another sensor may show an increase in physical activity or exposure to a toxicant.  

Do your employees already wear smartwatches? Or, do they use fitness apps? Perhaps you already invest in wearables or IoT for your staff. Now, there is a possibility to correlate the data across products. This brings us to the topic of how to easily make that integration work for your company operations.

Product Integration for Proactive, Preventative Insights

Most occupational safety devices only alert when an injury, accident, or exposure has already occurred.

Workers need proactive, preventative insights that alert them when an injury or illness from long-term exposure is likely to happen.

For example, instead of alerting a worker or the health and safety team after heat syncope, alert when someone is showing signs that a heat stroke could occur so that early or even preventive care can be provided.

This level of sophisticated monitoring is possible when you connect a variety of wearables, sensors, and IoT devices across brands into a single, intelligent system powered by artificial intelligence (AI) and edge processing. With integration into this system, you receive personalized, predictive, and contextual insights into the physiological and environmental conditions of different people and teams.

A first version of the confined spaces monitoring system – SafeGuard

Reliable Device Communication

People don’t always work within buildings, established outdoor spaces, or where human oversight and modern communication technology are available. They can be in secluded areas like fields or, as shared in the opening story to this article, in confined and noisy spaces where human oversight is difficult and risky.

Even if workers are wearing or using occupational safety equipment, they are often where there is limited to no cellular service or Wi-Fi. This is why industry-wide efforts are being made to test solutions based on SATCOM and LPWAN technology so that occupational safety wearables and devices can communicate with outside sources even in remote areas.

How Sentinel Helps Organizations Predict and Prevent Risk and Injury

In the past five years, we’ve been working on government-funded contracts to develop technology for multiple aspects of a Confined Spaces Monitoring System (CSMS).

This workforce health and safety monitoring system has continued to mature through multiple funding efforts and technology milestones. The system is now known as SafeGuard™ and uses cutting-edge technology including AI-powered analytics, military-grade cybersecurity, and the latest in wearable sensors to provide continuous and real-time monitoring for your team.

We look forward to having conversations with company leaders around health and safety policies and procedures along with related VPPPA perspectives and Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulations.

Jacqueline "Jackie" Annis is an industrial hygienist with the Office of Partnerships and Recognition, Directorate of Cooperative and State Programs in OSHA’s National Office.  Jackie’s primary responsibilities include developing and overseeing internal policies and procedures for the VPP, reviewing VPP on-site evaluation reports for process safety management information, serving as the National Office liaison for two of OSHA’s ten Regions, and facilitating the management of OSHA’s National Strategic Partnership Program.  She is an integral part of OSHA’s National Office team. 

She has served with the Agency for 36 years, including five years as a senior industrial hygienist in OSHA’s Office of Health Enforcement, Directorate of Enforcement Programs in the National Office and 17 years as a compliance safety and health officer in the Denver, CO Area Office.  Prior to her tenure at OSHA, Jackie worked as an industrial hygienist for the Department of the Navy in Alameda, California.  Jackie obtained a Bachelor of Science degree from Old Dominion University in Norfolk, VA in 1983.

Wayne Howard earned a B.S. in Chemical Engineering from UC Davis and has spent 12 years with Shell (at Martinez) refinery, 3 years with the consulting firm Process Safety, 15 years with Valero (at Benicia), and the last 10 years in the Corporate Process Safety Department. He is the Valero representative to AFPM's Advancing Process Safety Initiative.

Nathan Obaugh, PE is a senior engineer in the Safety and Operational Excellence Group at NuStar Energy. Nathan has over 10 years of PSM and process design experience in the petrochemical, refining and midstream industries. At NuStar, Nathan oversees all elements of the corporate PSM program and works directly on hazard analysis, process safety studies, PSM/RMP audits and provides process engineering support to the operations and capital projects groups.

Jared Teter, PhD is a senior staff scientist with a background in physics and hazards analysis. He has extensive experience in subscale testing of energetic materials and has served as program manager for several large testing and risk management projects. He has applied engineering and risk management protocols while evaluating the risk associated with propellant and explosives manufacturing, combustible dust, and other hazardous material related processes.

Tim Belitz has a degree in Environmental Health/Industrial Hygiene from Old Dominion University and a Master’s from Duke University. He has over 25 years of Industrial Health Safety and Environmental Experience and is a Certified Safety Professional. He has many years focused on Contractor Management and Process Safety programs.

Rob Walker graduated from Virginia Tech in Microbiology and Chemical Engineering. Rob has almost 35 years of experience working in the chemical plant and refining industry. His passion for Process Safety and Mechanical Integrity began very early in his career. Rob began with his current company, Honeywell, back in 2011.

Prasad Joshi has B.S. and M.S. Degrees in Chemical Engineering from two universities in India. Prasad has over 30 years’ experience in the business. He began with Honeywell in May 2022 as Principal Maintenance Engineer. He has worked internationally in Asia and Europe.